Appalling tactics from Oklahoma’s Legislature, confirmed by Richard Morrissette, D-Oklahoma City, that higher education got a severe budget cut because of a ballot initiative by OU President David Boren to raise a sales tax to fund education.

Another example of maladaptive governance concerned a proposal to close a long list of higher education institutions made two days before the end of the session. Although it turns out the suggestion was a half-joke, the Legislature would hardly seem the proper place for anything less than utmost seriousness when discussing the budget, and especially considering the dire nature of what they were dealing with.

The Oklahoma budget is a dysfunctional mess (as per Glen Puit’s news story). But I can’t help thinking that a budget crisis like the one this year actually serves the ideology of the governing body. Its failure to deliver and any future budget failures will create the perfect…

View original post 37 more words

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Perflurocarbons Power Point: Bambi Hampton

Perflurocarbons: Power Point

When Roy Plunkett first discovered the compound that would be later in use in so many processes, it is only left to one’s imagination if he had any idea of the future magnitude of his discovery. From the clothes we wear, the buildings in which we reside, and the food and water we ingest, PFCs are in virtually everything including our bodies and nearly all biota. Considering the many years that these compounds have been being used, it is difficult to fathom the extent of the territory they cover. Whether the means of transporting PFCs is deliberate or unintentional, solid evidence proves they have invaded nearly every crevice of the globe.
Since PFCs are anthropogenic compounds, it can be easily understood they do not belong in environments such as the air we breathe, the water we drink, the food we ingest, or the bodies of humans and animals. Without fully understanding the extent of the adverse effects caused by perfluorinated compounds, it may be prudent to do everything possible to minimize or eliminate the use of these compounds. However, because PFCs have been used so extensively in so many processes in the manufacturing industry of both commercial and household products, it will be difficult to eliminate them completely.
The detrimental impact perfluorinated compounds may have on the environment, is not easily defined. Even with repeated studies, there are inconclusive findings. Many of the methods and materials used in experiments are in fact made from products containing perfluorinated compounds which could possible render results inconclusive. Containers, tubing, equipment may all contain PFCs. Lacking of standardization among the community of scientists may also pose problems and inconsistencies when studying PFCs. Many of the studies conducted, focus only on the PFOSs and PFOAs, when in fact there are numerous variations of pefluorinated chemicals/compounds. These numerous variations raise yet other questions. Should the individual PFCs be studied separately as they have been shown to manifest in different organs and serums having different effects and half-lives, or should they be studied in a manner that seeks out the combined effects?
The fact that PFCs tend to attach to proteins should be a major concern when considered health related issues. Proteins being the building blocks of our bodies, any misstep in the processes could present undesirable, and even detrimental effects. There is close attention being paid to potential immunotoxicity in children, as well as behavioral issues, attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and neurodegenerative diseases that might point to PFCs playing a role.
The good news is that trends show a decrease in PFCs with regulations being set forth in stewardship programs such as the EPA Stewardship Program 2010/15, which began in 2006. The EPA invited eight major companies in to commit to a voluntary program with global goals to reduce manufacturing of PFCs (3M had begun phasing out the manufacturing of PFCs prior in 2000). A simplified version of this program is:
• By 2010 a 95% reduction in emissions and product with PFC content
• Commit to goals of elimination of PFOA, PFOA precursors and related chemicals/products
• Participating companies: Akema, Asahi, Ciba, Clariant, Daikin, DuPont, 3M/Dyneon, Solvay Solexis
• Reports from all companies (US and abroad) will be submitted on Oct. 31 of each year
More information on the stewardship program can be found at:http://epa.gov/oppt/pfoa/pubs/stewardship/index.htm.
The not so good news is countries such as China have no commitments at this time to stop production and have filled a niche in the market. Since so many of our products are produced in China, one might suspect that perfluorinated compounds are migrating to the US in way of imported food, clothing, and other products.
The PFCs that are in the environment now will not be easily remediated. Research is being conducted to find ways to help speed up the biodegrading processes. In humans however, compared to animals this half-life tends to be much longer and with ongoing exposure to the already present PFCs, it offers the possibility of continued bioaccumulation
There are efforts in exploring the remediation of perfluorinated compounds from the environment. Methods such as ultraviolent light and hydrogen peroxide have been used to enhance the biodegradability of PFCs (Quinete et. al. 2008), but these efforts have been met with minimal success. This strong carbon-fluorine bond which has made these compounds so attractive for so many uses, lending it thermal and chemical stability, are the very attributes that make them so menacing as well.
In addition to remediation efforts, substitute products are being introduced but are met by some, with skepticism as to whether they are just as pervasive or harmful as the previous products. The PFCs that are in the environment now, will not be easily remediated. Due to inconsistencies in analytical methods, variations in samples according to geographic location, possible negligible handling and/or the use of laboratory apparatus and containers which also may contain PFCs, their impact may never fully be known. One thing is certain however, additional and ongoing research is needed, along with standardization of analytical procedures to be able to fully understand and combat the problem of PFC pollution. It is probably more likely than not, that living in a PFC filled environment is our past, present, and future.

Bambi Hampton


Filed under Oklahoma, Uncategorized


Check out poems by Teri Cummings in the Summer issue of The Dragon Review. Oh, yeah, Terry Gresham has a couple in there too.

Dragon Poet Review

From “Trains in Marlow, Oklahoma” (Donald Levering) and “Chocolate Pie” (Terri Cummings), to “Croquet” (Ben Myers) and “Girls in Baseball Caps” (Ron Wallace), this issue of Dragon Poet Review shines with summer. So grab a glass of icy sun-tea, charge up your e-reader, find a shade-tree, and hit the hammock to beat the heat with this cool issue of some of the best poetry, art, and prose around!  Happy Summer!

We recommend opening the journal on your tablet or e-reader app (Kindle) for the best viewing / reading experience. Please click here (on the title) to open:



______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Welcome to Dragon Poet Review! We are currently accepting submissions for our Winter 2016 Issue. We are looking for previously unpublished poetry, flash fiction, short fiction, and short memoir, in addition to original photography, artwork, and book / film / art reviews. However, we may consider some previously…

View original post 16 more words

Leave a comment

Filed under Oklahoma, Poetry

Stopping Beside the Road


“Are you peeing?”

“I’m not peeing.”

“Are you peeing yet?”

“I’m still not peeing.”

“You know, this is crazy.
Let’s get back in the car.”

Leave a comment

Filed under Poetry, Uncategorized

Release of Dark Sandwiches

It is out.

“Dark Sandwiches is whimsical, radical and wonderfully weird. If David Lynch, John Lennon and Edward Corey had a literary threesome, their love child might look something like this. Make no mistake, Gresham is a wholly original American voice.”- Edward E Romero, writer and director


Get it. HERE.

There is a guy in Austin TX, Stephan Schwake, who makes a sandwich far better than I do. I willingly admit that. He is earth’s first at getting close to one of the contraptions dealt with in this book. Often while writing I ask myself, “What would Schwake paint?” I’ve trash-canned scores of poems that have not met this test. It’s not only in his art where he inspires me, his grocery shelves and refrigerator are great sources of inspiration, too. From his kitchen, he calls for a sandwich made from blackberry preserves and Nutella on Pumpernickel. Sounds scrumptious. I haven’t tried one of those, yet, but I do now have a title for a book, Dark Sandwiches.

Over the years, others have come forward suggesting various types of dark bread with ingredients such as black olives and black beans. Others have gone as far as to suggest dark sandwiches made with black forest ham or even Schwarzwälder Schinken, which is a variety of dry-cured smoked ham produced in the Black Forest region of Germany. But are these helpful folks talking about poetry or lunch? And would I know the difference? – Terry M Gresham

Leave a comment

Filed under books, Poetry

Under a Toenail Moon

Leave a comment

Filed under Poetry, video

As You Like It

A song I did write and Matt Gaskins recorded it.


My love, I don’t know where you been and where you goin’ now
be sure and don’t look back, my darling.
She left her suitcase by the door. Now she’s on a jet plane
looking down at people so below her and small, my darling.

I remember when we ran for cover in the autumn rain.
Shakespeare in the park we had it good as you like it, baby.

She’s a sickness and she’s a cure a bleeding heart and an antichrist.
For sure, the fatal woman I hate to lose, my darling.
I should be older or should I be getting over the photograph of nothing
or something blurry and dim that she left me with.

I remember when we ran for cover in the autumn rain.
Shakespeare in the park we had it good as you like it, baby.

And there she is with the taxi man. For her suitcase, she’s back again.
My love, I never thought I’d see you again, my darling.
She said she was in Budapest came back for her favorite vest
I asked her, “Will you be staying for dinner?”

1 Comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Notes from February

  1. According to the deep blue sea,
    there should be land somewhere.
    If not, there should be a sky above.
    I should try looking for them one day.
  1. According to a specialist on the subject,
    “Sometimes a kind word can be a disguise
    for the sort of fellow I might become
    in the event of an ellipse.”
    I never told anyone I was the moon.
  1. According to the stage manager,
    “The best way to dispose of a corpse
    is in subdued light.
    Give us just enough light
    so the crew can get on and off safely.”
  1. According to today’s paper,
    “Tomorrow should be another day
    with maybe rain.” I should read it when it hits the stands
    –the paper, not the rain. Silly.
  1. According to the girl at the checkout,
    I can get a larger cup of coffee for just 10 cents more, so I do.
    I don’t know why.

Leave a comment

Filed under Poetry, Uncategorized

An Interview With Hardy Jones on People of the Good God

BREVITY's Nonfiction Blog

In People of the Good God, Hardy Jones explores a search Hardy began in his twenties to better understand Cajun identity and how Cajun culture evolved into the present day.  Hardy combines memoir, food writing, travel writing, and music writing in his book, and Constance Squires discusses the process of bringing so much history and cultural texture into one work in this interview:

Constance Squires: Hardy, I am always interested in tracking what feels to me like the motivating impulse in a book—what drove you to write it.  There’s a great sense of personal awareness in these essays and the sense of your own journey is a strong structural principle connecting them.  How would you describe your motivating impulse for this collection?

Hardy Jones Hardy Jones

Hardy Jones: The motivating impulse was a self-education on Cajun history and culture, and as I discovered this information, then the writing…

View original post 1,450 more words

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Rock Music’s Three Roads

When I took an American popular music class years ago, the instructor talked about the two rock roads that came out of the British invasion. One road was the Rolling Stones. The other road was the Beatles. It was easy to see these two roads. However, over the years I have become very much aware of another road not springing from the garage skiffle bands of England. The third road springing from no one’s garage but from America and the producers’ casting call for music–like Don Kirshner’s promotion of plastic rock. This one is more pervasive and can be easily mistaken for the other British two roads in American popular music. I will speak more of this later.

Bubble Gum or plastic pop rock has it’s own rock road which leads to bands like Kiss, The Sweet, Def Leopard, Alice Cooper, The Bay City Rollers, Twisted Sister, Motley Crue, Poison, Guns and Roses, and more–yes, unfortunate music that many of us love. So how do we get from the Archies to Kiss, one might ask? Packaging to kids. One term used to describe much of this vein of pop music is Devils bubble gum which is like The Monkees or the Archies yet packaged just a bit differently to appeal to pre-teen and adolescent audiences.Thus, Kiss is seen as one of the Archies of Heavy Metal. It’s not bad music, but it’s just not great either. I do think it is important to keep Bubble Gum music in its own record pile separate from the music inspired by the Stones and The Beatles.

To clarify. There are other genres, like soul, jazz and country, and folk. However, within the rock genre in the late 20th century, popular music was made up, on one hand, of influences from the Rolling Stone (Yardbirds, Jimmy Hendrix, Janis Joplin, Led Zeppelin, perhaps grunge in the 90s and others) On the other hand, the Beatles (Bad finger, the Mamas and the Papas, Beach Boys, The Hollies, Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young, The Byrds, Simon and Garfunkel, Harry Nelson, Fleetwood Mac, plus all those prog rock bands as well. Then we have something on the bottom of our shoe picked up on the pavement of these two roads– Bubblegum. Everybody with gum on their shoe goes down that road for a while. Maybe it’s not an honest to goodness real third road…but you got gum on your shoe.

Metal can be Bubble gum. Just because it’s not sweet and innocent like Donny and Marie doesn’t mean has no home in bubblegum. For example, here is a song from metal band Def Leopard where about all they did was to take the 1969 song “Sugar Sugar” and strip the sweetness out of it. The refrain is simply taken straight from “Sugar Sugar’s” “Pour a little sugar on me, honey.”

The Def Leopard lyrics go:
” Hey!
C’mon, take a bottle, shake it up
Break the bubble, break it up

Pour some sugar on me
Ooh, in the name of love
Pour some sugar on me
C’mon, fire me up
Pour your sugar on me
Oh, I can’t get enough.”

It’s the Archies.

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized